คู่มือและเทคนิคการใช้งาน => คู่มือและเทคนิคการใช้งาน => ข้อความที่เริ่มโดย: FrankJScott ที่ พฤศจิกายน 25, 2021, 07:22:02 AM

หัวข้อ: Recommended Dry Bulk Vessels Site
เริ่มหัวข้อโดย: FrankJScott ที่ พฤศจิกายน 25, 2021, 07:22:02 AM
The Purpose and General Use of Seagoing Bulk Carriers
There are many risks in operating seagoing bulk ships. It is important to plan carefully and exercise care for all important issues on the ship's deck are essential . This website is intended to be a quick reference for international shipping communities. It provides details as well as guidance for loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The website must stay within the guidelines set by the classification society. It is essential to reduce the risk of a ship's structural stress, and to adhere to all safety standards necessary for safe sea travel. The detail pages on our website cover various bulk carrier-related topics that might be useful for people working on board and those working at ashore at the terminal.
General characteristics of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers are single deck vessels constructed with top-side tanks as well as side tanks for hoppers in cargo areas and are designed principally to transport one-commodity bulk cargo. Bulk cargo that is solid refers to any material other that gas or liquid that is smaller pieces of material, generally evenly arranged, and loaded directly into ships' cargo spaces. Examples of dry cargo include grains, sugar and ores in bulk. In its broadest sense the term "bulk carrier" encompasses all vessels designed to transport liquid or solid cargo in bulk form which includes tankers. The term"bulk carrier" is commonly used to describe vessels that are built to carry bulk cargoes. They include grains and other agricultural products and minerals such as coal ore and stone , on one or more voyage legs.   Click over to this bulkers ( info for more.
What Exactly Is A Bulk Carrier? The Following Are The Main Features Of Bulk Carriers:
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"
Capacity to carry that ranges from 3,000 to 300,000.
-Average speed between 12 and 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers of small- to medium-sized bulk (carrying a maximum of 4000 tonnes) are typically equipped with cargo handling equipment. Larger vessels employ facilities that are located on shores, which allows the loading and unloading of cargo.
The cargo holdings are usually huge and without any obstructions. There are larger hatch sizes to allow cargoes to be loaded/unloaded easily.
The ballast holds are a typical feature of bulk carriers. This is used for ballast voyages in order to improve stability. You may also be permitted to partially ballast, but this is only allowed for ports.
They are available in one pull, or stacking (piggyback), type steel hatch covers.
-Four types or ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side wings tanks
Double bottom tanks
The ballast tank is a peak and then a later peak tank.
Bulk solid cargo? Anything, other than gas or liquid, made up of a mix of granules, particles or any larger pieces of materials, generally uniform in composition, and loaded directly into the cargo spaces without any intermediate type of confinement. It is imperative to ensure that all cargoes you carry are ready for loading, regardless of whether they're "clean" or "dirty" and there is no contamination. It is important to clean the cargo spaces in order to load it. Surveyors are often required to ensure that the area is clean to be loaded. To avoid contamination, it is essential that all residues from previous cargoes are removed. Water is the primary reason for damage to bulk cargoes. It is essential that holds are dry in order to be able to accept cargo. Hatch covers should also be watertight in order to stop water from entering. All fittings inside the storage areas (pipe guards and cover for bilge, etc.) must be checked. All fittings in the hold (pipe guards, bilge covers.) should be inspected to ensure that they are in proper condition and securely fixed. Such pieces of equipment might cause significant damages to conveyor belt systems and consequent delays, for which the ship could be held accountable, should they accidentally discharge the cargo. Click over to this dry bulk shipping ( blog for more.
Bulk Carrier or Bulker? A vessel that is designed to transport dry cargo, loaded into the vessel without any containment other than that of the vessel's boundaries and is distinct from the bulk carrier that is liquid or tanker. The traditional bulk carrier is built with one deck and a single skin. Bulk carriers are able to transport heavy ore and light grain at their maximum weight. The process of loading, carrying and the release of dry bulk cargo is more complicated than most people think.
Gearless Bulk Carrier
A lot of bulk cargoes may contain dangerous substances or change their properties in transport. Improper loading could lead to the ship to be damaged easily. Incorrect loading can lead to the ship breaking down if you load a forward hold at its maximum. This is known as stress? This can have severe consequences for life at sea in difficult weather conditions. The residues of earlier cargoes could affect the cargoes that follow. Some bulk cargoes can also be affected by water damage, e.g. cement power. It is difficult to verify cargoes being loaded or discharged. Each of these aspects can have an impact on the operational procedures used for the safe transport of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes naturally form a circle when loaded onto conveyor belts. The angle that is created by the cone is known as  the angle of repose. It differs between cargos. Iron ore cargoes can form a steep-angled cone while those that move freely make a cone that is shallow. The cargo with low angles to repose is more prone to shifting throughout the passage. Certain cargoes require bulldozers to spread the load into the holds. Dry-bulk carriers rely on dock facilities to discharge and load cargo, however bulk carriers can also self-unload using cranes or conveyors on deck.
หัวข้อ: Re: Recommended Dry Bulk Vessels Site
เริ่มหัวข้อโดย: wellyholey ที่ ธันวาคม 11, 2021, 11:47:29 AM
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หัวข้อ: Re: Recommended Dry Bulk Vessels Site
เริ่มหัวข้อโดย: wellyholey ที่ มกราคม 02, 2022, 09:42:27 PM
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